# Saturday Quiz – June 4, 2011

Welcome to the billy blog Saturday quiz. The quiz tests whether you have been paying attention over the last seven days. See how you go with the following six questions. Your results are only known to you and no records are retained.

#### Quiz #115

• 1. Start from a situation where the external surplus is the equivalent of 2 per cent of GDP and the budget surplus is 2 per cent. If the budget balance stays constant and the external surplus rises to the equivalent of 4 per cent of GDP then:
• National income falls and the private surplus moves from 0 per cent of GDP to 2 per cent of GDP.
• National income remains unchanged and the private surplus moves from 0 per cent of GDP to 2 per cent of GDP.
• National income rises and the private surplus moves from 0 per cent of GDP to 2 per cent of GDP.
• National income falls and the private surplus moves from 4 per cent of GDP to 6 per cent of GDP.
• National income remains unchanged and the private surplus moves from 4 per cent of GDP to 6 per cent of GDP.
• National income rises and the private surplus moves from 4 per cent of GDP to 6 per cent of GDP.
• 2. A rising budget deficit indicates that discretionary fiscal policy is expansionary.
• False
• True
• 3. Matching government deficit spending with bond issues is less expansionary than if the government instructed the central bank to buy its bonds to match the deficit.
• False
• True
• 4. If private households and firms decide to lift their saving ratio the national government has to increase its net spending (deficit) to fill the spending gap or else economic activity will slow down.
• False
• True
• 5. Premium Question: In Year 1, the economy plunges into recession with nominal GDP growth falling to minus -1 per cent. The inflation rate is subdued at 2 per cent per annum. The outstanding public debt is equal to the value of the nominal GDP and the nominal interest rate is equal to 2 per cent (and this is the rate the government pays on all outstanding debt). The government's budget balance net of interest payments goes into deficit equivalent to 1 per cent of GDP and the debt ratio rises by 4 per cent. In Year 2, the government stimulates the economy and pushes the primary budget deficit out to 4 per cent of GDP in recognition of the severity of the recession. In doing so it stimulates aggregate demand and the economy records a 4 per cent nominal GDP growth rate. The central bank holds the nominal interest rate constant but inflation falls to 1 per cent given the slack nature of the economy the previous year. Under these circumstances, the public debt ratio falls even though the budget deficit has risen because of the real growth in the economy.
• False
• True

### Sorry, quiz 115 is now closed.

You can find the answers and discussion here

### This Post Has 4 Comments

1. Fed Up says:

Q1, “Start from a situation where the external balance is the equivalent of 2 per cent of GDP”

Does that mean positive 2 (current account surplus)?

2. Dear Fed Up

Yes, I have corrected it to read surplus to make it easier.

Thank you.

best wishes
bill

3. Fed Up says:

Thanks, bill. The corrected version is much easier to read.

4. Very happy with my 4/5 – got the premium question wrong. That used to be the one I would always get but Bill has been making them more complex lately. I must confess I didn’t give it as much thought as the others. And now I’ve read it again I shouldn’t have gotten it wrong. Naughty Senexx Naughty. Hey at least I’m honest!